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Unemployed workers use different methods to find new jobs, as reported in Employment and Earnings. In 2005 most TABLE 3.5 Unemployed persons by industry, class of worker, and sex, 2004–05job seekers tried an average of 1.85 different techniques. Almost two-thirds (60.6%) approached an employer directly, and more than one-half (55.4%) sent out reésumeés or filled out applications. Other methods included contacting a public employment agency (18.3%), seeking help from friends or relatives (17.7%), and placing or answering an employment advertisement (14.8%). Women (57.7%) were somewhat more likely than men (53.2%) to send out resumes or fill out applications, while men favored contacting the employer directly (61.4%) slightly more than women did (59.8%). Men (19.4%) were also more likely than women (15.8%) to solicit job leads from friends or relatives. (See Table 3.10.)
TABLE 3.5
Unemployed persons by industry, class of worker, and sex, 2004–05
Industry and class of worker Thousands of persons Unemployment rates
Total Total Men Women
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
   Total, 16 years and over 8,149 7,591 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.1 5.4 5.1
Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers 6,484 5,989 5.7 5.2 5.7 5.1 5.6 5.3
   Mining 21 20 3.9 3.1 3.9 3.4 4.4 1.5
   Construction 769 712 8.4 7.4 8.5 7.6 7.1 6.0
   Manufacturing 966 812 5.7 4.9 5.2 4.4 6.8 6.0
      Durable goods 590 485 5.5 4.6 5.2 4.3 6.6 5.4
         Nonmetallic mineral products 26 25 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.6 5.5 6.1
         Primary and fabricated metal products 108 86 5.5 4.4 5.3 4.1 6.1 5.8
         Machinery manufacturing 80 52 6.3 4.2 6.0 4.4 7.2 3.5
         Computer and electronic products 99 71 6.0 4.5 5.4 4.0 7.1 5.5
         Electrical equipment and appliances 33 26 6.4 5.1 5.9 4.7 7.4 6.0
         Transportation equipment 113 108 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.1 6.4 6.1
         Wood products 27 33 5.3 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.0 7.2
         Furniture and fixtures 31 34 4.8 5.2 4.8 4.6 4.9 6.6
         Miscellaneous manufacturing 74 52 6.1 4.4 5.5 4.5 7.0 4.2
      Nondurable goods 375 326 5.9 5.3 5.2 4.6 7.0 6.6
         Food manufacturing 110 95 6.7 6.1 6.3 5.5 7.4 7.1
         Beverage and tobacco products 15 11 5.7 3.7 6.0 3.1 5.0 5.4
         Textile, apparel, and leather 85 70 8.6 7.8 7.1 6.0 9.9 9.4
         Paper and printing 67 55 4.9 4.4 4.5 3.7 5.8 5.9
         Petroleum and coal products 9 7 5.2 4.6 2.9 4.8 12.3 a
         Chemicals 43 50 3.5 4.0 3.4 3.9 3.5 4.1
         Plastic and rubber products 47 37 6.3 5.4 5.5 4.8 7.9 6.5
      Wholesale and retail trade 1,197 1,137 5.8 5.4 5.2 4.8 6.5 6.1
         Wholesale trade 210 182 4.6 4.0 4.0 3.6 5.9 5.1
         Retail trade 987 954 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.2 6.6 6.3
      Transportation and utilities 236 232 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.0 5.0 4.8
         Transportation and warehousing 219 216 4.9 4.5 4.8 4.3 5.4 5.4
         Utilities 17 16 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.9 3.0 1.7
      Informationb 189 163 5.7 5.0 5.4 4.8 6.0 5.3
         Publishing, except Internet 38 35 4.6 4.2 4.4 3.7 4.8 4.7
         Motion picture and sound recording industries 35 29 8.7 8.5 9.1 8.7 8.1 8.1
         Broadcasting, except Internet 22 26 4.2 4.6 3.7 5.0 5.0 4.1
         Telecommunications 80 62 6.0 5.2 5.5 4.6 6.8 6.2
         Internet service providers and data processing services 8 8 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.5 6.1 4.9
         Other information services 5 3 5.5 2.2 a 2.5 5.3 2.0
      Financial activities 332 272 3.6 2.9 3.6 2.5 3.5 3.1
         Finance and insurance 228 183 3.4 2.7 3.3 2.2 3.5 3.0
             Finance 156 127 3.6 2.9 3.5 2.2 3.6 3.4
             Insurance 73 56 3.1 2.4 2.7 2.3 3.3 2.5
         Real estate and rental and leasing 104 89 4.1 3.3 4.4 3.2 3.7 3.4
             Real estate 72 65 3.5 3.0 3.9 2.7 3.1 3.2
             Rental and leasing services 32 23 6.1 4.7 5.6 4.5 7.2 5.2
      Professional and business services 861 792 6.8 6.2 6.6 5.8 7.1 6.8
         Professional and technical services 298 259 4.1 3.5 3.8 2.9 4.4 4.2
         Management, administrative, and waste servicesb 563 533 10.6 10.2 10.1 9.5 11.3 11.0
            Administrative and support services 534 520 10.8 10.7 10.5 10.2 11.4 11.3
            Waste management and remediation services 26 10 7.6 3.2 7.5 3.3 8.3 2.9
      Education and health services 617 627 3.4 3.4 3.1 2.9 3.5 3.6
         Educational services 128 129 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.1 3.9 4.0
         Health care and social assistance 489 498 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.8 3.4 3.5
             Hospitals 90 94 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.7 1.8
             Health services, except hospitals 279 285 3.7 3.7 2.4 2.5 4.0 3.9
             Social assistance 120 118 6.1 5.9 8.8 7.0 5.5 5.6

New entrants to the job market were somewhat less likely to seek out employers directly (57.4%) in 2005 than those who had lost their jobs or who had completed temporary jobs (63.1%). New entrants to the workforce at 10.2% were also less ikely to use employment agencies than those who had been working and lost their jobs (23.2%). (See Table 3.10.)

TABLE 3.5 Unemployed persons by industry, class of worker, and sex, 2004–05 (CONTINUED) "26. Unemployed Persons by Industry, Class of Worker, and Sex,"in Employment and Earnings, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 2006, http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat26.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)

TABLE 3.5
Unemployed persons by industry, class of worker, and sex, 2004–05 (CONTINUED)
Industry and class of worker Thousands of persons Unemployment rates
Total Total Men Women
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
aData not shown where base is less than 35,000.
bbIncludes other industries, not shown separately.
Note: Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria.
SOURCE: "26. Unemployed Persons by Industry, Class of Worker, and Sex,"in Employment and Earnings, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 2006, http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat26.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)
    Leisure and hospitality 972 921 8.3 7.8 8.0 7.3 8.6 8.2
        Arts, entertainment, and recreation 149 145 7.2 6.9 7.5 7.3 6.9 6.5
        Accomodation and food services 823 776 8.6 8.0 8.2 7.3 8.9 8.5
            Accomodation 114 117 7.2 7.3 6.6 5.8 7.6 8.3
            Food services and drinking places 709 659 8.8 8.1 8.4 7.5 9.2 8.6
    Other services 324 301 5.3 4.8 5.3 4.9 5.3 4.8
        Other services, except private households 256 230 4.8 4.3 5.0 4.7 4.6 3.8
            Repair and maintenance 105 90 6.1 5.1 6.2 5.3 5.6 3.2
            Personal and laundry services 77 65 4.8 4.1 4.3 4.9 5.0 3.7
            Membership associations and organizations 74 75 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.4 4.0 4.0
        Private households 69 71 8.1 8.1 16.7 12.2 7.3 7.7
Agricultural and related private wage and salary workers 129 104 9.9 8.3 9.5 7.4 11.2 11.4
Government workers 548 534 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.5
Self-employed and unpaid family workers 303 298 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.5
No previous work experience 686 666
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