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Today's Labor Force - Opinions Of American Workers

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Job Satisfaction

According to an August 2005 Gallup Poll of adults who were employed full- or part-time, 42% were completely satisfied with their current job, 44% were somewhat satisfied, and 11% were somewhat dissatisfied. Only 3% expressed complete dissatisfaction with their job. The percent of American workers reporting that they are "completely satisfied" with their jobs has increased over the past two decades. In a survey taken in July 1989, 28% said they were completely satisfied, while 61% were somewhat satisfied, 8% were somewhat dissatisfied, and 3% were completely dissatisfied. The highest level of worker satisfaction reported by Gallup in Work and Workplace was recorded in August 2004, when a full 50% of those surveyed expressed complete satisfaction with their jobs. At that time 39% were somewhat satisfied, 7% were somewhat dissatisfied, and 4% were completely dissatisfied.

Job Security

In August 2005 more than eight of ten respondents were not worried about the possibilities of being laid off (84%), working reduced hours (87%), or having jobs moved offshore (88%), and 71% reported that their own employer had not laid off any workers during the previous six months. When asked in an April 2005 survey if they personally knew anyone who had lost their job within the last six months because their employer moved that job to another country, 77% said they did not know anyone in that situation, while 22% did. At that time, 45% of people polled said that they did not know anyone who had been laid off within the past six months, though 55% of people did know someone who had recently lost their job. These percentages were down somewhat from a similar poll taken in April 2003, when 63% of people surveyed did know someone who had been laid off in the TABLE 1.18 Employed persons by demographic characteristics, 2004–05past six months, and 37% said they did not know anyone in that situation.

TABLE 1.18
Employed persons by demographic characteristics, 2004–05
[Percent distributon]
Occupation, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity Total Men Women
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Total
    Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 139,252 141,730 74,524 75,973 64,728 65,757
    Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations 34.9 34.7 32.4 32.0 37.7 37.9
    Management, business, and financial operations occupations 14.5 14.4 15.7 15.5 13.2 13.2
    Professional and related occupations 20.3 20.3 16.7 16.6 24.5 24.6
Service occupations 16.3 16.3 13.2 13.0 19.9 20.2
Sales and office occupations 25.5 25.4 17.2 17.4 35.0 34.6
    Sales and related occupations 11.5 11.6 10.9 11.0 12.2 12.3
    Office and administrative support occupations 14.0 13.8 6.3 6.4 22.8 22.4
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 10.5 10.8 18.7 19.3 1.0 1.1
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations .7 .7 1.1 1.0 .3 .3
    Construction and extraction occupations 6.1 6.5 11.1 11.7 .3 .4
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 3.6 3.7 6.5 6.6 .4 .3
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 12.9 12.7 18.6 18.3 6.4 6.3
    Production occupations 6.8 6.6 8.8 8.6 4.4 4.3
    Transportation and material moving occupations 6.1 6.1 9.7 9.7 1.9 2.0
White
    Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 115,239 116,949 62,712 63,763 52,527 53,186
    Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Management, Professional, and related occupations 35.6 35.5 33.1 32.7 38.6 38.8
    Management, business, and financial operations occupations 15.3 15.1 16.6 16.3 13.6 13.6
    Professional and related occupations 20.3 20.4 16.5 16.3 25.0 25.2
Service occupations 15.2 15.2 12.3 12.1 18.8 19.0
Sales and office occupations 25.5 25.4 17.1 17.2 35.6 35.1
    Sales and related occupations 11.8 11.9 11.2 11.3 12.4 12.5
    Office and administrative support occupations 13.7 13.5 5.8 5.9 23.2 22.6
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 11.2 11.6 19.7 20.4 1.0 1.1
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations .8 .8 1.1 1.1 .3 .4
    Construction and extraction occupations 6.6 7.0 11.9 12.4 .4 .4
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 3.8 3.9 6.7 6.9 .3 .3
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 12.4 12.3 17.9 17.7 6.0 5.9
    Production occupations 6.6 6.4 8.7 8.4 4.1 4.0
    Transportation and material moving occupations 5.9 5.9 9.2 9.3 1.9 1.9
Black or African American
    Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 14,909 15,313 6,912 7,155 7,997 8,158
    Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations 26.5 26.0 21.7 21.0 30.6 30.4
    Management, business, and financial operations occupations 9.4 9.5 8.9 8.9 9.9 10.0
    Professional and related occupations 17.0 16.5 12.8 12.1 20.7 20.4
Service occupations 23.8 23.9 20.0 20.0 27.0 27.3
Sales and office occupations 26.3 26.3 18.2 18.3 33.3 33.4
    Sales and related occupations 9.6 9.8 8.4 8.5 10.6 11.0
    Office and administrative support occupations 16.7 16.5 9.8 9.8 22.7 22.4
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 6.8 7.1 13.6 14.2 .9 .9
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations .4 .3 .6 .5 .1 .2
    Construction and extraction occupations 3.8 4.2 7.9 8.6 .3 .3
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2.6 2.6 5.1 5.0 .5 .4
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 16.7 16.7 26.5 26.5 8.2 8.0
    Production occupations 7.5 7.6 10.0 10.2 5.4 5.3
    Transportation and material moving occupations 9.2 9.1 16.5 16.3 2.8 2.7

Job Prospects

According to a Gallup Poll conducted February 6-9, 2006, 40% of adults polled nationally thought it was a good time to find a quality job, as compared with 56% who thought it was a bad time to look for a job. To put these figures into perspective, these survey results are nearly identical to those from a poll taken August 16-19, 2001, when 39% believed it was a good time to find a quality job, and 56% believed it was not a good time. A survey taken October 11-14, 2001, just one month after the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C., showed that 25% of those interviewed still considered it a good time to find a quality job, while 71% thought that it was a bad time. The most negative assessment of employment prospects during the period 2001 through 2006 came when the same question was posed March 3-5, 2003: at that time only 16% of people said it was a good time to find a quality job, with 81% believing it was a bad time to find a job.

TABLE 1.18 Employed persons by demographic characteristics, 2004–05 [CONTINUED] "10. Employed Persons by Occupation, Race, Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity, and Sex," in Employment and Earnings, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 2006, http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat10.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)

TABLE 1.18
Employed persons by demographic characteristics, 2004–05 [CONTINUED]
[Percent distribution]
Occupation, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity Total Men Women
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Note: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. In addition, persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race and, therefore, are classified by ethnicity as well as by race.
SOURCE: "10. Employed Persons by Occupation, Race, Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity, and Sex," in Employment and Earnings, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 2006, http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat10.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)
Asian
    Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 5,994 6,244 3,243 3,359 2,751 2,885
    Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations 45.2 46.4 46.3 48.0 43.8 44.5
    Management, business, and financial operations occupations 15.1 15.7 15.5 15.9 14.6 15.6
    Professional and related occupations 30.0 30.7 30.8 32.1 29.2 29.0
Service occupations 16.2 15.7 14.0 13.6 18.8 18.2
Sales and office occupations 23.0 23.3 18.7 18.7 28.2 28.7
    Sales and related occupations 11.3 11.6 11.1 11.2 11.5 11.9
    Office and administrative support occupations 11.8 11.7 7.6 7.4 16.7 16.8
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 4.4 4.4 7.5 7.6 .6 .7
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations .4 .2 .4 .2 .3 .3
    Construction and extraction occupations 1.4 1.7 2.6 3.1 .1 .1
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2.6 2.5 4.5 4.4 .3 .3
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 11.2 10.1 13.4 12.1 8.6 7.9
    Production occupations 8.4 7.3 9.0 7.9 7.6 6.7
    Transportation and material moving occupations 2.9 2.8 4.4 4.2 1.1 1.2
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
    Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 17,930 18,632 10,832 11,337 7,098 7,295
    Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations 17.3 17.0 14.0 13.6 22.4 22.4
    Management, business, and financial operations occupations 7.2 7.1 6.8 6.6 7.8 7.9
    Professional and related occupations 10.1 9.9 7.2 7.0 14.6 14.4
Service occupations 24.2 23.8 20.2 19.5 30.3 30.5
Sales and office occupations 21.3 21.5 13.5 14.0 33.2 33.0
    Sales and related occupations 9.2 9.4 7.2 7.5 12.3 12.3
    Office and administrative support occupations 12.1 12.1 6.3 6.6 20.9 20.7
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 18.0 19.1 28.5 30.0 2.0 2.0
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 2.2 2.1 2.8 2.8 1.2 1.0
    Construction and extraction occupations 11.9 13.1 19.4 21.2 .4 .7
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 4.0 3.8 6.3 6.0 .5 .3
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 19.2 18.6 23.8 22.9 12.2 12.1
    Production occupations 10.6 10.1 11.8 11.1 8.6 8.5
    Transportation and material moving occupations 8.7 8.6 12.0 11.8 3.6 3.6

TABLE 1.19 Employed persons by sex, occupation, class of worker, full- or part-time status, and race, 2004–05 "Table 12. Employed Persons by Sex, Occupation, Class of Worker, Full- or Part-Time Status, and Race," in Current Population Survey, U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 2006, http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat12.pdf (accessed March 21, 2006)

TABLE 1.19
Employed persons by sex, occupation, class of worker, full- or part-time status, and race, 2004–05
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total White Black or African American Asian
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
*Employed persons are classified as full- or part-time workers based on their usual weekly hours at all jobs regardless of the number of hours they are at work during the reference week. Persons absent from work also are classified according to their usual status.
Note: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Beginning in January 2005, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria.
SOURCE: "Table 12. Employed Persons by Sex, Occupation, Class of Worker, Full- or Part-Time Status, and Race," in Current Population Survey, U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 2006, http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat12.pdf (accessed March 21, 2006)
Sex
Total, 16 years and over 139,252 141,730 115,239 116,949 14,909 15,313 5,994 6,244
   Men 74,524 75,973 62,712 63,763 6,912 7,155 3,243 3,359
   Women 64,728 65,757 52,527 53,186 7,997 8,158 2,751 2,885
Occupation
Management, professional, and related occupations 48,532 49,245 41,027 41,475 3,949 3,985 2,707 2,898
   Management, business, and financial operations occupations 20,235 20,450 17,590 17,668 1,408 1,451 906 983
      Management occupations 14,555 14,685 12,873 12,945 864 888 584 611
      Business and financial operations occupations 5,680 5,765 4,717 4,723 544 564 322 372
   Professional and related occupations 28,297 28,795 23,438 23,807 2,541 2,533 1,801 1,915
      Computer and mathematical occupations 3,140 3,246 2,410 2,481 236 224 439 479
      Architecture and engineering occupations 2,760 2,793 2,343 2,327 135 143 231 277
      Life, physical, and social science occupations 1,365 1,406 1,143 1,171 76 71 126 142
      Community and social services occupations 2,170 2,138 1,650 1,654 415 365 62 60
      Legal occupations 1,554 1,614 1,380 1,451 100 96 47 41
      Education, training, and library occupations 7,900 8,114 6,741 6,866 742 804 271 302
      Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations 2,687 2,736 2,336 2,402 164 160 128 117
      Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations 6,721 6,748 5,435 5,455 673 670 497 496
Service occupations 22,720 23,133 17,544 17,817 3,543 3,656 972 983
    Healthcare support occupations 2,921 3,092 1,991 2,121 758 766 102 127
    Protective service occupations 2,847 2,894 2,197 2,195 510 560 54 46
    Food preparation and serving related occupations 7,279 7,347 5,854 5,888 835 857 377 397
    Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 5,185 5,241 4,094 4,130 773 828 159 142
    Personal care and service occupations 4,488 4,531 3,407 3,484 667 645 281 271
Sales and office occupations 35,464 35,962 29,399 29,658 3,918 4,033 1,380 1,455
    Sales and related occupations 15,938 16,433 13,557 13,881 1,430 1,507 676 721
    Office and administrative support occupations 19,481 19,529 15,842 15,777 2,487 2,526 705 733
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 14,582 15,348 12,928 13,582 1,012 1,086 261 277
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 991 976 885 882 53 50 21 15
    Construction and extraction occupations 8,522 9,145 7,642 8,158 572 643 87 106
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 5,069 5,226 4,401 4,542 387 394 153 155
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 17,954 18,041 14,340 14,418 2,488 2,552 674 632
    Production occupations 9,462 9,378 7,594 7,526 1,124 1,160 501 457
    Transportation and material moving occupations 8,491 8,664 6,746 6,892 1,364 1,393 173 175
Class of worker
Agriculture:
    Wage and salary workers 1,242 1,212 1,141 1,126 47 45 17 11
    Self-employed workers 964 955 934 922 6 7 6 9
    Unpaid family workers 27 30 26 29
Nonagricultural industries:
    Wage and salary workers 127,463 129,931 104,812 106,549 14,253 14,611 5,550 5,789
        Government 19,983 20,357 15,793 16,109 2,965 2,994 722 711
        Private industries 107,480 109,573 89,019 90,440 11,287 11,616 4,428 5,079
            Private households 779 812 628 674 103 92 23 23
            Other industries 106,701 108,761 88,391 89,766 11,184 11,525 4,805 5,056
    Self-employed workers 9,467 9,509 8,252 8,247 600 648 411 421
    Unpaid family workers 90 93 74 76 4 2 10 13
Full- or part-time status*
    Full-time workers 114,518 117,016 94,166 95,928 12,774 13,132 5,085 5,328
    Part-time workers 24,734 24,714 21,073 21,021 2,135 2,181 910 916

TABLE 1.20 Median years of tenure with current employer for employed wage and salary workers by age and sex, selected years, 1983–2004 "Table 1. Median Years of Tenure with Current Employer for Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Age and Sex, Selected Years, 1983–2004," in Employee Tenure in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 21, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/tenure.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)

TABLE 1.20
Median years of tenure with current employer for employed wage and salary workers by age and sex, selected years, 1983–2004
Age and sex January 1983 January 1987 January 1991 February 1996 February 1998 February 2000 January 2002 January 2004
Note: Data exclude the incorporated and unincorporated self-employed.
SOURCE: "Table 1. Median Years of Tenure with Current Employer for Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Age and Sex, Selected Years, 1983–2004," in Employee Tenure in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 21, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/tenure.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)
Total
16 years and over 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.7 4.0
    16 to 17 years .7 .6 .7 .7 .6 .6 .7 .7
    18 to 19 years .8 .7 .8 .7 .7 .7 .8 .8
    20 to 24 years 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
    25 years and over 5.0 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9
        25 to 34 years 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.9
        35 to 44 years 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.9
        45 to 54 years 9.5 8.8 8.9 8.3 8.1 8.2 7.6 7.7
        55 to 64 years 12.2 11.6 11.1 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.6
        65 years and over 9.6 9.5 8.1 8.4 7.8 9.4 8.6 9.0
Men
16 years and over 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1
    16 to 17 years .7 .6 .7 .6 .6 .6 .8 .7
    18 to 19 years .8 .7 .8 .7 .7 .7 .8 .8
    20 to 24 years 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3
    25 years and over 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1
        25 to 34 years 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.8 3.0
        35 to 44 years 7.3 7.0 6.5 6.1 5.5 5.3 5.0 5.2
        45 to 54 years 12.8 11.8 11.2 10.1 9.4 9.5 9.1 9.6
        55 to 64 years 15.3 14.5 13.4 10.5 11.2 10.2 10.2 9.8
        65 years and over 8.3 8.3 7.0 8.3 7.1 9.0 8.1 8.2
Women
16 years and over 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.8
    16 to 17 years .7 .6 .7 .7 .7 .6 .7 .6
    18 to 19 years .8 .7 .8 .7 .7 .7 .7 .8
    20 to 24 years 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3
    25 years and over 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.7
        25 to 34 years 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.8
        35 to 44 years 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.5
        45 to 54 years 6.3 6.8 6.7 7.0 7.2 7.3 6.5 6.4
        55 to 64 years 9.8 9.7 9.9 10.0 9.6 9.9 9.6 9.2
        65 years and over 10.1 9.9 9.5 8.4 8.7 9.7 9.5 9.6

TABLE 1.21 Distribution of employed wage and salary workers by tenure with current employer and demographic characteristics, January 2004 "Table 3. Distribution of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Tenure with Current Employer, Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity, January 2004," in Employee Tenure in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 21, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/tenure.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)

TABLE 1.21
Distribution of employed wage and salary workers by tenure with current employer and demographic characteristics, January 2004
Age, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity Number employed (in thousands) Percent distribution by tenure with current employer
Tatal 12 moths or less 13 to 23 moths 2 years 3 to 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 to 14 years 15 to 19 years 20 years of more
*Beginning in 2003, persons who selected this race group only; persons who selected more than one race group are not included. Prior to 2003, persons who reported more than one race group were included in the group they identified as their main race.
Note: Detail for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. In addition, persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race and, therefore, are classified by ethnicity as well as by race. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Data exclude the incorporated and unincorporated self-employed. Dash represents zero or rounds to zero.
SOURCE: "Table 3. Distribution of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Tenure with Current Employer, Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity, January 2004," in Employee Tenure in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 21, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/tenure.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)
Total
16 years and over 121,753 100.0 23.0 7.0 5.7 18.5 19.8 9.9 6.4 9.7
    16 to 19 years 5,433 100.0 73.2 11.2 7.5 7.8 .3
    20 years and over 116,320 100.0 20.7 6.8 5.6 19.0 20.7 10.3 6.7 10.2
        20 to 24 years 13,028 100.0 49.6 12.6 10.2 20.8 6.6 .1
        25 to 34 years 27,877 100.0 26.9 9.4 7.4 25.9 23.7 5.9 .9
        35 to 44 years 30.314 100.0 17.4 5.7 4.8 19.1 25.1 13.7 9.3 5.0
        45 to 54 years 27,713 100.0 11.0 4.7 3.7 14.8 20.7 13.6 10.5 20.9
        55 to 64 years 13,983 100.0 10.4 4.0 3.4 12.8 18.8 13.9 10.6 26.0
        65 years and over 3,405 100.0 9.9 3.1 4.1 14.0 20.2 14.0 9.2 25.5
Men
16 years and over 63,146 100.0 22.4 6.6 5.6 18.3 19.6 10.1 6.5 10.9
    16 to 19 years 2,683 100.0 70.9 9.9 9.3 9.5 .4
    20 years and over 60.462 100.0 20.3 6.5 5.4 18.6 20.4 10.5 6.8 11.4
        20 to 24 years 6,798 100.0 50.0 11.4 9.6 21.5 7.4 .1
        25 to 34 years 15,209 100.0 26.0 9.1 6.9 26.4 24.1 6.6 .9
        35 to 44 years 15,885 100.0 16.4 5.0 4.7 18.1 25.1 14.6 10.4 5.6
        45 to 54 years 13,785 100.0 9.6 4.7 3.5 12.8 19.1 13.7 11.3 25.3
        55 to 64 years 7,026 100.0 11.4 3.9 3.5 12.0 17.5 12.9 9.1 29.7
        65 years and over 1,761 100.0 8.7 3.3 4.4 16.8 20.1 13.4 8.4 24.9
Women
16 years and over 58,608 100.0 23.7 7.4 5.8 18.7 20.1 9.6 6.2 8.4
    16 to 19 years 2,750 100.0 75.5 12.3 5.8 6.1 .3
    20 years and over 55,858 100.0 21.2 7.2 5.8 19.4 21.1 10.1 6.5 8.8
        20 to 24 years 6,230 100.0 49.2 13.8 10.9 20.1 5.8 .1
        25 to 34 years 12,668 100.0 27.9 9.7 7.9 25.2 23.3 5.2 .8
        35 to 44 years 14,429 100.0 18.4 6.5 4.9 20.1 25.0 12.6 8.1 4.3
        45 to 54 years 13,929 100.0 12.4 4.8 3.9 16.8 22.3 13.4 9.8 16.6
        55 to 64 years 6,957 100.0 9.4 4.1 3.3 13.6 20.2 15.0 12.1 22.2
        65 years and over 1,644 100.0 11.2 3.0 3.7 11.0 20.3 14.6 10.1 26.1
White*
16 years and over 100,243 100.0 22.7 7.1 5.4 18.2 19.6 10.2 6.6 10.2
    Men 52,758 100.0 22.3 6.7 5.3 17.9 19.3 10.3 6.7 11.5
    Women 47,485 100.0 23.2 7.6 5.5 18.5 20.0 10.1 6.4 8.7
Black or African American*
16 years and over 13,401 100.0 24.5 5.8 6.6 19.2 20.5 8.4 5.9 9.1
    Men 6,097 100.0 23.4 5.4 7.0 18.7 20.6 9.3 5.8 9.8
    Women 7,304 100.0 25.4 6.1 6.2 19.6 20.4 7.6 6.1 8.5
Asian*
16 years and over 5,131 100.0 22.3 7.2 7.5 21.5 22.8 8.6 5.3 4.9
    Men 2,678 100.0 20.3 7.2 6.8 22.4 23.5 9.5 4.8 5.4
    Women 2,453 100.0 24.3 7.2 8.2 20.6 21.9 7.6 5.8 4.3
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
16 years and over 16,338 100.0 26.9 7.4 7.8 22.8 18.2 8.0 4.4 4.4
    Men 9,778 100.0 26.4 7.5 7.4 23.2 17.9 8.2 4.5 4.7
    Women 6,560 100.0 27.6 7.3 8.5 22.2 18.7 7.7 4.3 3.8

TABLE 1.22 Median years of tenure with current employer for employed wage and salary workers by industry, selected years, 2000–04

TABLE 1.22
Median years of tenure with current employer for employed wage and salary workers by industry, selected years, 2000–04
Industry February 2000 January 2002 January 2004
     Total, 16 years and over 3.5 3.7 4.0
Private sector 3.2 3.3 3.5
Agriculture and related industries 3.7 4.2 3.7
Nonagricultural industries 3.2 3.3 3.5
    Mining 4.8 4.5 5.2
    Construction 2.7 3.0 3.0
    Manufacturing 4.9 5.4 5.8
       Durable goods manufacturing 4.8 5.5 6.0
          Nonmetallic mineral products 5.5 5.3 4.8
          Primary metals and fabricated metal products 5.0 6.3 6.4
          Machinery manufacturing 5.3 6.8 6.4
          Computers and electronic products 3.9 4.7 5.2
          Electrical equipment and appliances 5.0 5.5 9.8
          Transportation equipment 6.4 7.0 7.7
          Wood products 3.7 4.3 5.0
          Furniture and fixtures 4.4 4.7 4.7
          Miscellaneous manufacturing 3.7 4.5 4.6
        Nondurable goods manufacturing 5.0 5.3 5.5
          Food manufacturing 4.6 5.0 4.9
          Beverage and tobacco products 5.5 4.6 8.0
          Textiles, apparel, and leather 4.7 5.0 5.0
          Paper and printing 5.1 6.2 6.9
          Petroleum and coal products 9.5 9.8 11.4
          Chemicals 6.0 5.7 5.3
          Plastics and rubber products 4.6 5.3 5.7
    Wholesale and retail trade 2.7 2.8 3.1
      Wholesale trade 3.9 3.9 4.3
      Retail trade 2.5 2.6 2.8
   Transportation and utilities 4.7 4.9 5.3
      Transportation and warehousing 4.0 4.3 4.7
      Utilities 11.5 13.4 13.3
   Information* 3.4 3.3 4.3
      Publishing, except internet 4.2 4.8 4.7
        Motion picture and sound recording industries 1.6 2.3 2.2
      Broadcasting, except internet 3.6 3.1 4.0
      Telecommunications 4.3 3.4 4.6
   Financial activities 3.5 3.6 3.9
      Finance and insurance 3.6 3.9 4.1
          Finance 3.3 3.6 4.0
          Insurance 4.4 4.5 4.4
        Real estate and rental and leasing 3.1 3.0 3.3
          Real estate 3.1 3.2 3.5
          Rental and leasing services 3.0 2.2 2.9
   Professional and business services 2.4 2.7 3.2
       Professional and technical services 2.6 3.1 3.6
       Management, administrative, and waste services* 2.0 2.1 2.6
          Administrative and support services 1.8 1.9 2.4
          Waste management and remediation services 3.6 4.3 3.4
  Education and health services 3.4 3.5 3.6
      Educational services 3.2 3.6 3.8
      Health care and social assistance 3.5 3.5 3.6
          Hospitals 5.1 4.9 4.7
          Health services, except hospitals 3.2 3.1 3.3
          Social assistance 2.4 2.5 2.8

TABLE 1.22 Median years of tenure with current employer for employed wage and salary workers by industry, selected years, 2000–04 [CONTINUED] "Table 5. Median Years of Tenure with Current Employer for Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Industry, Selected Years, 2000–04," in Employee Tenure in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 21, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/tenure.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)

TABLE 1.22
Median years of tenure with current employer for employed wage and salary workers by industry, selected years, 2000–04 [CONTINUED]
Industry February 2000 January 2002 January 2004
*Includes other industries, not shown separately.
Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time workers. Excluded are all self-employed full- and part-time workers. Excluded are all self-employed workers regardless of whether or not their businesses are incorporated.
SOURCE: "Table 5. Median Years of Tenure with Current Employer for Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Industry, Selected Years, 2000–04," in Employee Tenure in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 21, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/tenure.pdf (accessed January 9, 2006)
   Industry February 2000 January 2002 January 2004
       Leisure and hospitality 1.7 1.8 2.0
       Arts, entertainment, and recreation 2.6 2.3 2.8
       Accommodation and food services 1.5 1.6 1.9
       Accommodation 2.8 2.7 3.1
       Food services and drinking places 1.4 1.4 1.6
       Other services 3.1 3.3 3.3
       Other services, except private households 3.2 3.3 3.5
       Repair and maintenance 3.0 3.0 3.2
       Personal and laundry services 2.7 2.8 3.4
       Membership associations and organizations 4.0 4.1 3.9
   Other services, private households 3.0 2.7 2.3
Public sector 7.1 6.7 6.9
Federal government 11.5 11.3 10.4
State government 5.5 5.4 6.4
Local government 6.7 6.2 6.4

TABLE 1.23 Number of jobs held by individuals from age 18 to age 38, by demographic characteristics, 1978–2002 "Table 1. Number of Jobs Held by Individuals from Age 18 to Age 38 in 1978–2002 by Educational Attainment, Sex, Race, Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity, and Age," in Number of Jobs Held, Labor Market Activity, and Earnings Growth Among Younger Baby Boomers: Recent Results from a Longitudinal Survey, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 25, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/nlsoy.pdf (accessed January 2, 2006)

TABLE 1.23
Number of jobs held by individuals from age 18 to age 38, by demographic characteristics, 1978–2002
Characteristic Average number of jobs for persons ages 18 to 38 in 1978–2002
Total* Ages 18 to 22 Ages 23 to 27 Ages 28 to 32 Ages 33 to 38
*Jobs that were held in more than one of the age categories were counted in each appropriate column, but only once in the total column.
Notes: The first two columns exclude individuals who turned age 18 before January 1,1978. The first and last columns exclude individuals who had not yet turned age 39 when interviewed in 2002. The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 consists of men and women who were born in the years 1957–64 and were ages 14 to 22 when first interviewed in 1979. These individuals were ages 37 to 45 in 2002. Educational attainment is defined as of the 2002 survey. Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups are mutually exclusive but not exhaustive. Other race groups, which are included in the overall totals, are not shown separately because their representation in the survey sample is not sufficiently large to provide statistically reliable estimates.
SOURCE: "Table 1. Number of Jobs Held by Individuals from Age 18 to Age 38 in 1978–2002 by Educational Attainment, Sex, Race, Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity, and Age," in Number of Jobs Held, Labor Market Activity, and Earnings Growth Among Younger Baby Boomers: Recent Results from a Longitudinal Survey, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 25, 2004, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/nlsoy.pdf (accessed January 2, 2006)
Total 10.2 4.4 3.3 2.6 2.5
Less than a high school diploma 10.3 3.9 3.2 2.6 2.5
High school graduates, no college 9.7 4.2 3.0 2.6 2.5
Less than a bachelor's degree 10.5 4.6 3.7 2.7 2.6
Bachelor's degree and higher 10.6 5.0 3.5 2.6 2.3
Men 10.4 4.5 3.5 2.8 2.5
Less than a high school diploma 11.6 4.6 3.8 3.0 2.7
High school graduates, no college 10.2 4.5 3.4 2.8 2.4
Less than a bachelor's degree 10.6 4.6 3.4 2.9 2.7
Bachelor's degree and higher 10.0 4.6 3.4 2.6 2.4
Women 9.9 4.3 3.1 2.4 2.4
Less than a high school diploma 8.5 3.0 2.4 2.1 2.2
High school graduates, no college 9.2 3.8 2.7 2.3 2.5
Less than a bachelor's degree 10.4 4.6 3.3 2.5 2.5
Bachelor's degree and higher 11.1 5.4 3.7 2.7 2.2
White non-Hispanic 10.3 4.6 3.3 2.6 2.5
Less than a high school diploma 10.8 4.3 3.3 2.7 2.6
High school graduates, no college 9.7 4.3 3.1 2.6 2.5
Less than a bachelor's degree 10.8 4.8 3.5 2.7 2.6
Bachelor's degree and higher 10.6 5.1 3.5 2.6 2.3
Black non-Hispanic 9.6 3.6 3.1 2.7 2.6
Less than a high school diploma 9.1 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.3
High school graduates, no college 9.7 3.5 3.0 2.7 2.5
Less than a bachelor's degree 9.7 3.8 3.1 2.6 2.7
Bachelor's degree and higher 9.9 4.2 3.6 2.8 2.7
Hispanic or Latino 9.6 4.0 3.0 2.5 2.4
Less than a high school diploma 9.6 3.9 3.0 2.4 2.3
High school graduates, no college 9.5 3.9 2.9 2.5 2.4
Less than a bachelor's degree 9.5 4.2 3.0 2.5 2.4
Bachelor's degree and higher 10.5 4.5 3.4 2.8 2.5

TABLE 1.24 Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 2004–05 "Table 1. Union Affiliation of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Selected Characteristics," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)

TABLE 1.24
Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 2004–05
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2004 2005
Total employed Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb Total employed Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed
aData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
bData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union as well as workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
cThe distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.
Notes: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. In addition, persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race and, therefore, are classified by ethnicity as well as race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time workers. Excluded are all self-employed workers regardless of whether or not their businesses are incorporated.
SOURCE: "Table 1. Union Affiliation of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Selected Characteristics," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)
Age and sex
    Total, 16 years and over 123,554 15,472 12.5 17,087 13.8 125,889 15,685 2.5 17,223 13.7
16 to 24 years 19,109 890 4.7 1,019 5.3 19,283 878 4.6 1,019 5.3
25 years and over 104,444 14,581 14.0 16,069 15.4 106,606 14,808 13.9 16,204 15.2
    25 to 34 years 28,202 2,982 10.6 3,316 11.8 28,450 3,044 10.7 3,368 11.8
    35 to 44 years 30,470 4,173 13.7 4,590 15.1 30,654 4,211 13.7 4,579 14.9
    45 to 54 years 28,039 4,771 17.0 5,233 18.7 28,714 4,731 16.5 5,158 18.0
    55 to 64 years 14,239 2,390 16.8 2,617 18.4 15,158 2,496 16.5 2,732 18.0
    65 years and over 3,495 264 7.5 314 9.0 3,631 325 8.9 366 10.1
Men, 16 years and over 64,145 8,878 13.8 9,638 15.0 65,466 8,870 13.5 9,597 14.7
    16 to 24 years 9,835 557 5.7 627 6.4 9,860 523 5.3 603 6.1
    25 years and over 54,310 8,321 15.3 9,010 16.6 55,606 8,347 15.0 8,994 16.2
       25 to 34 years 15,391 1,722 11.2 1,873 12.2 15,559 1,754 11.3 1,915 12.3
       35 to 44 years 16,035 2,449 15.3 2,658 16.6 16,196 2,422 15.0 2,582 15.9
       45 to 54 years 14,026 2,699 19.2 2,903 20.7 14,421 2,658 18.4 2,849 19.8
       55 to 64 years 7,117 1,309 18.4 1,414 19.9 7,606 1,346 17.7 1,458 19.2
       65 years and over 1,741 142 8.2 163 9.4 1,824 167 9.1 190 10.4
Women, 16 years and over 59,408 6,593 11.1 7,450 12.5 60,423 6,815 11.3 7,626 12.6
    16 to 24 years 9,274 333 3.6 391 4.2 9,423 354 3.8 417 4.4
    25 years and over 50,134 6,260 12.5 7,058 14.1 51,000 6,461 12.7 7,210 14.1
       25 to 34 years 12,811 1,261 9.8 1,443 11.3 12,891 1,290 10.0 1,454 11.3
       35 to 44 years 14,435 1,725 11.9 1,931 13.4 14,457 1,790 12.4 1,997 13.8
       45 to 54 years 14,014 2,072 14.8 2,330 16.6 14,293 2,073 14.5 2,309 16.2
       55 to 64 years 7,122 1,081 15.2 1,203 16.9 7,552 1,150 15.2 1,274 16.9
       65 years and over 1,753 121 6.9 151 8.6 1,806 158 8.8 176 9.8
Race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex
White, 16 years and over 101,340 12,381 12.2 13,657 13.5 102,967 12,520 12.2 3,755 13.4
    Men 53,432 7,260 13.6 7,854 14.7 54,462 7,275 13.4 7,858 14.4
    Women 47,908 5,121 10.7 5,803 12.1 48,505 5,245 10.8 5,897 12.2
Black or African American, 16 years and over 14,090 2,130 15.1 2,355 16.7 14,459 2,178 15.1 2,391 16.5
    Men 6,409 1,085 16.9 1,185 18.5 6,603 1,062 16.1 1,166 17.7
    Women 7,681 1,045 13.6 1,170 15.2 7,857 1,115 14.2 1,225 15.6
Asian, 16 years and over 5,280 603 11.4 670 12.7 5,479 614 11.2 666 12.2
    Men 2,815 328 11.7 371 13.2 2,881 314 10.9 337 11.7
    Women 2,465 275 11.1 299 12.1 2,598 299 11.5 329 12.7
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over 16,533 1,676 10.1 1,888 11.4 17,191 1,793 10.4 1,981 11.5
    Men 9,857 1,016 10.3 1,130 11.5 10,324 1,093 10.6 1,185 11.5
    Women 6,676 661 9.9 758 11.4 6,866 700 10.2 796 11.6
Full- or part-time statusc
Full-time workers 101,224 14,029 13.9 15,463 15.3 103,560 14,207 13.7 15,551 15.0
Part-time workers 22,047 1,406 6.4 1,587 7.2 22,052 1,441 6.5 1,630 7.4

TABLE 1.25 Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry, 2004–05

TABLE 1.25
Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry, 2004–05
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2004 2005
Total employed Members of Unionsa Represented by unionsb Total employed Members of Unionsa Represented by unionsb
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed
Occupation
Management, professional, and related occupations 41,451 5,418 13.1 6,256 15.1 42,226 5,639 13.4 6,385 15.1
    Management, business, and financial operations occupations 15,758 732 4.6 895 5.7 15,955 793 5.0 939 5.9
        Management occupations 10,796 441 4.1 553 5.1 10,921 485 4.4 585 5.4
        Business and financial operations occupations 4,962 291 5.9 342 6.9 5,034 308 6.1 354 7.0
    Professional and related occupations 25,693 4,686 18.2 5,361 20.9 26,271 4,845 18.4 5,447 20.7
        Computer and mathematical occupations 2,962 128 4.3 171 5.8 3,067 142 4.6 172 5.6
        Architecture and engineering occupations 2,597 209 8.0 246 9.5 2,593 221 8.5 259 10.0
        Life, physical, and social science occupations 1,204 106 8.8 129 10.7 1,305 125 9.6 140 10.7
        Community and social services occupations 2,132 370 17.4 422 19.8 2,100 346 16.5 376 17.9
        Legal occupations 1,216 75 6.2 92 7.6 1,261 71 5.6 83 6.6
        Education, training, and library occupations 7,636 2,874 37.6 3,235 42.4 7,813 3,006 38.5 3,354 42.9
        Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations 1,894 162 8.6 184 9.7 1,957 152 7.8 171 8.8
        Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations 6,052 762 12.6 882 14.6 6,175 782 12.7 892 14.4
Service occupations 20,724 2,371 11.4 2,552 12.3 21,074 2,446 11.6 2,659 12.6
    Healthcare support occupations 2,791 290 10.4 315 11.3 2,971 286 9.6 317 10.7
    Protective service occupations 2,840 1,059 37.3 1,118 39.4 2,843 1,051 37.0 1,109 39.0
    Food preparation and serving related occupations 7,164 294 4.1 337 4.7 7,361 316 4.3 362 4.9
    Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 4,597 490 10.7 529 11.5 4,525 504 11.1 553 12.2
    Personal care and service occupations 3,331 238 7.1 254 7.6 3,373 288 8.5 317 9.4
Sales and office occupations 32,322 2,493 7.7 2,780 8.6 32,541 2,385 7.3 2,671 8.2
    Sales and related occupations 13,527 488 3.6 548 4.1 13,630 451 3.3 519 3.8
    Office and administrative support occupations 18,795 2,005 10.7 2,232 11.9 18,911 1,934 10.2 2,152 11.4
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 12,081 2,222 18.4 2,343 19.4 12,907 2,129 16.5 2,238 17.3
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 862 27 3.1 34 3.9 898 35 3.9 38 4.3
    Construction and extraction occupations 6,680 1,312 19.6 1,370 20.5 7,296 1,283 17.6 1,348 18.5
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 4,540 883 19.4 939 20.7 4,713 811 17.2 851 18.1
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 16,976 2,968 17.5 3,156 18.6 17,142 3,086 18.0 3,271 19.1
    Production occupations 9,085 1,485 16.3 1,582 17.4 9,007 1,539 17.1 1,617 17.9
    Transportation and material moving occupations 7,891 1,483 18.8 1,574 20.0 8,135 1,547 19.0 1,655 20.3

TABLE 1.25 Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry, 2004–05 (CONTINUED) "Table 3. Union Affiliation of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Occupation and Industry," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)

TABLE 1.25
Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry, 2004–05 (CONTINUED)
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2004 2005
Total employed Members of Unionsa Represented by unionsb Total employed Members of Unionsa Represented by unionsb
Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed Total Percent of employed
aData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
bData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union as well as workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
cIncludes other industries, not shown separately.
Notes: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time workers. Excluded are all self-employed workers regardless of whether or not their businesses are incorporated.
SOURCE: "Table 3. Union Affiliation of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by Occupation and Industry," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)
Industry
Private sector 103,584 8,205 7.9 8,956 8.6 105,508 8,255 7.8 8,962 8.5
    Agriculture and related industries 1,023 23 2.2 30 2.9 1,021 28 2.7 30 3.0
    Nonagricultural industries 102,560 8,182 8.0 8,926 8.7 104,487 8,227 7.9 8,931 8.5
        Mining 496 57 11.4 58 11.7 600 48 8.0 57 9.5
        Construction 7,550 1,110 14.7 1,162 15.4 8,053 1,057 13.1 1,111 13.8
        Manufacturing 15,754 2,036 12.9 2,183 13.9 15,518 2,017 13.0 2,127 13.7
            Durable goods 9,885 1,316 13.3 1,407 14.2 9,845 1,310 13.3 1,382 14.0
            Nondurable goods 5,869 720 12.3 776 13.2 5,673 707 12.5 746 13.1
        Wholesale and retail trade 18,754 1,028 5.5 1,107 5.9 18,989 1,021 5.4 1,122 5.9
            Wholesale trade 4,083 189 4.6 214 5.2 4,017 236 5.9 259 6.4
            Retail trade 14,671 839 5.7 893 6.1 14,973 785 5.2 864 5.8
        Transportation and utilities 4,893 1,218 24.9 1,287 26.3 5,212 1,252 24.0 1,309 25.1
            Transportation and warehousing 4,043 976 24.2 1,031 25.5 4,379 1,024 23.4 1,071 24.4
            Utilities 850 241 28.4 256 30.1 833 228 27.4 239 28.6
        Informationc 3,058 433 14.2 470 15.4 2,934 398 13.6 422 14.4
            Publishing, except internet 778 52 6.7 59 7.6 765 68 8.8 74 9.7
            Motion pictures and sound recording 329 52 15.7 54 16.4 277 42 15.0 43 15.5
            Broadcasting, except internet 502 47 9.3 53 10.5 534 46 8.6 48 9.0
            Telecommunications 1,218 273 22.4 292 24.0 1,096 234 21.4 248 22.6
        Financial activities 8,490 171 2.0 209 2.5 8,619 195 2.3 238 2.8
            Finance and insurance 6,301 96 1.5 124 2.0 6,304 102 1.6 132 2.1
                Finance 4,111 56 1.4 73 1.8 4,114 59 1.4 77 1.9
                Insurance 2,191 40 1.8 51 2.3 2,190 44 2.0 54 2.5
            Real estate and rental and leasing 2,188 76 3.5 85 3.9 2,315 92 4.0 107 4.6
        Professional and business services 10,815 246 2.3 306 2.8 10,951 292 2.7 341 3.1
            Professional and technical services 6,263 70 1.1 102 1.6 6,468 98 1.5 120 1.9
            Management, administrative, and waste services 4,552 177 3.9 204 4.5 4,483 194 4.3 221 4.9
        Education and health services 16,870 1,405 8.3 1,593 9.4 17,357 1,434 8.3 1,632 9.4
            Educational services 3,243 421 13.0 475 14.6 3,312 435 13.1 511 15.4
            Health care and social assistance 13,627 984 7.2 1,119 8.2 14,045 999 7.1 1,121 8.0
        Leisure and hospitality 10,326 319 3.1 368 3.6 10,658 333 3.1 377 3.5
            Arts, entertainment, and recreation 1,777 114 6.4 123 6.9 1,869 118 6.3 134 7.2
            Accommodation and food services 8,548 205 2.4 245 2.9 8,790 215 2.4 243 2.8
                Accommodation 1,431 117 8.2 132 9.2 1,459 122 8.3 130 8.9
                Food services and drinking places 7,117 88 1.2 112 1.6 7,331 93 1.3 113 1.5
        Other servicesc 5,556 158 2.8 183 3.3 5,596 181 3.2 194 3.5
            Other services, except private households 4,782 148 3.1 172 3.6 4,799 175 3.7 188 3.9
Public sector 19,970 7,267 36.4 8,131 40.7 20,381 7,430 36.5 8,262 40.5
    Federal goverment 3,298 985 29.9 1,153 35.0 3,427 954 27.8 1,134 33.1
    State government 5,712 1,751 30.7 1,961 34.3 5,874 1,838 31.3 2,056 35.0
    Local government 10,961 4,532 41.3 5,017 45.8 11,080 4,638 41.9 5,071 45.8

TABLE 1.26 Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation and selected characteristics, 2004–05 "Table 2. Median Weekly Earnings of Full-Time Wage and Salary Workers by Union Affiliation and Selected Characteristics," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)

TABLE 1.26
Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation and selected characteristics, 2004–05
Characteristic 2004 2005
Total Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb Nonunion Total Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb Nonunion
aData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
bData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union as well as workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
Notes: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. In addition, persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race and, therefore, are classified by ethnicity as well as race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full-and part-time workers. Excluded are all self-employed workers regardless of whether or not their businesses are incorporated.
SOURCE: "Table 2. Median Weekly Earnings of Full-Time Wage and Salary Workers by Union Affiliation and Selected Characteristics," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)
Age and sex
Total, 16 years and over $638 $781 $776 $612 $651 $801 $795 $622
    16 to 24 years 390 498 494 385 397 502 502 392
    25 years and over 683 798 793 656 696 820 815 669
        25 to 34 years 604 724 717 590 610 735 729 595
        35 to 44 years 713 813 808 690 731 844 837 708
        45 to 54 years 743 834 831 718 748 854 851 722
        55 to 64 years 725 835 835 693 742 852 851 716
        65 years and over 560 728 744 520 569 679 683 551
Men, 16 years and over 713 829 828 685 722 857 855 692
    16 to 24 years 400 504 496 395 409 513 511 403
    25 years and over 762 846 846 743 771 876 876 749
        25 to 34 years 639 751 748 620 644 763 760 624
        35 to 44 years 804 868 865 787 822 921 918 800
        45 to 54 years 857 878 881 847 853 911 912 831
        55 to 64 years 843 870 877 829 855 888 895 840
        65 years and over 641 753 776 620 644 758 768 625
Women, 16 years and over 573 723 719 541 585 731 726 559
    16 to 24 years 375 487 491 370 381 484 487 377
    25 years and over 599 733 730 580 612 743 738 593
        25 to 34 years 561 678 665 541 573 693 682 548
        35 to 44 years 608 735 733 590 621 740 735 603
        45 to 54 years 625 758 755 604 644 760 758 619
        55 to 64 years 615 767 767 592 639 795 785 610
        65 years and over 478 687 733 455 492 610 599 480
Race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex
White, 16 years and over 657 808 802 626 672 830 824 641
    Men 732 855 854 704 743 884 884 714
    Women 584 738 734 557 596 749 743 576
Black or African American, 16 years and over 525 656 651 507 520 656 653 500
    Men 569 679 679 534 559 689 682 523
    Women 505 629 621 490 499 632 630 478
Asian, 16 years and over 708 765 774 691 753 809 805 744
    Men 802 775 786 809 825 819 817 827
    Women 613 756 762 594 665 789 785 643
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over 456 679 670 428 471 673 661 449
    Men 480 697 690 455 489 713 704 473
    Women 419 623 616 401 429 609 606 414

TABLE 1.27 Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry, 2004–05

TABLE 1.27
Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry, 2004–05
Occupation and industry 2004 2005
Total Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb Nonunion Total Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb Nonunion
Occupation
Management, professional, and related occupations $918 $921 $916 $918 $937 $942 $937 $937
    Management, business, and financial operations occupations 965 963 972 965 997 1,015 1,029 995
             Management occupations 1,052 1,065 1,074 1,050 1,083 1,137 1,146 1,076
             Business and financial operations occupations 847 880 881 844 871 854 866 872
    Professional and related occupations 883 915 907 875 902 932 924 894
             Computer and mathematical occupations 1,114 1,000 983 1,124 1,132 1,009 1,029 1,141
             Architecture and engineering occupations 1,098 1,080 1,090 1,100 1,105 1,133 1,133 1,101
             Life, physical, and social science occupations 957 949 977 955 965 978 1,011 959
             Community and social services occupations 707 827 817 666 725 880 865 693
             Legal occupations 1,070 1,174 1,155 1,058 1,052 1,147 1,155 1,042
             Education, training, and library occupations 781 899 886 687 798 913 898 710
             Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations 768 953 972 754 819 983 925 808
             Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations 852 938 933 841 878 932 932 867
    Service occupations 411 655 647 389 413 643 629 392
             Healthcare support occupations 407 458 462 401 410 466 462 405
             Protective service occupations 700 907 897 567 678 896 886 568
             Food preparation and serving related occupations 360 445 435 355 356 439 442 350
             Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 385 515 513 368 394 528 518 378
             Personal care and service occupations 402 522 518 394 409 558 549 397
    Sales and office occupations 558 662 658 545 575 681 675 562
             Sales and related occupations 604 576 577 606 622 623 625 622
             Office and administrative support occupations 535 676 671 519 550 689 682 528
    Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 621 867 858 581 623 910 903 585
             Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 356 c c 352 372 c c 369
             Construction and extraction occupations 604 861 852 555 604 913 903 554
             Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 704 886 880 662 705 915 913 666
    Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 523 687 681 498 540 709 704 510
             Production occupations 526 681 674 503 538 698 693 511
             Transportation and material moving occupations 520 695 689 491 543 721 717 508
Industry
Private sector $615 $739 $734 $604 $625 $757 $752 $615
    Agriculture and related industries 403 c c 402 402 c c 402
    Nonagricultural industries 617 740 735 606 629 758 753 617
        Mining 874 905 911 865 885 c 989 870
        Construction 618 893 884 588 619 933 926 590
        Manufacturing 662 694 692 654 676 722 719 667
            Durable goods 691 707 706 687 704 751 747 695
            Nondurable goods 611 670 662 602 624 676 672 618
        Wholesale and retail trade 550 596 590 547 566 615 610 562
            Wholesale trade 677 722 709 674 692 678 676 694
            Retail trade 509 567 560 507 515 590 585 513
        Transportation and utilities 711 854 850 662 726 864 860 676
            Transportation and warehousing 668 819 814 619 688 829 827 640
            Utilities 957 979 978 948 941 960 954 931
        Informationd 828 893 887 808 832 931 925 810
            Publishing, except internet 720 844 829 710 755 860 867 740
            Motion pictures and sound recording 805 c c 762 751 c c 691
            Broadcasting, except internet 763 c c 749 749 c c 738
            Telecommunications 918 910 897 929 927 937 935 923

TABLE 1.27 Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry, 2004–05 (CONTINUED) "Table 4. Median Weekly Earnings of Full-Time Wage and Salary Workers by Union Affiliation, Occupation, and Industry," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)

TABLE 1.27
Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry, 2004–05 (CONTINUED)
Occupation and industry 2004 2005
Total Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb Nonunion Total Members of unionsa Represented by unionsb Nonunion
aData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
bData refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union as well as workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
cData not shown where base is less than 50,000.
dIncludes other industries, not shown separately.
Notes: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time workers. Excluded are all self-employed workers regardless of whether or not their businesses are incorporated.
SOURCE: "Table 4. Median Weekly Earnings of Full-Time Wage and Salary Workers by Union Affiliation, Occupation, and Industry," in Union Members in 2005, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 20, 2006, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed January 27, 2006)
        Financial activities 706 657 649 708 741 698 696 743
            Finance and insurance 738 636 629 740 765 692 696 767
                Finance 735 606 616 737 765 650 667 768
                Insurance 743 c c 744 764 c 729 766
            Real estate and rental and leasing 615 677 670 613 653 711 696 649
        Professional and business services 709 679 694 710 739 663 673 743
            Professional and technical services 927 940 937 927 961 770 858 963
            Management, administrative, and waste services 478 607 606 470 488 586 578 485
        Education and health services 613 717 728 603 627 731 736 617
            Educational services 716 828 831 679 737 818 809 718
            Health care and social assistance 595 656 671 588 607 684 692 601
        Leisure and hospitality 407 518 508 402 409 513 510 405
            Arts, entertainment, and recreation 523 677 662 513 521 652 618 515
            Accommodation and food services 391 477 473 387 388 487 486 384
                Accommodation 432 481 490 422 455 515 510 438
                Food services and drinking places 378 467 422 377 372 400 406 372
        Other servicesd 528 749 750 521 535 694 698 524
            Other services, except private households 560 764 764 551 579 698 701 572
Public sector 751 832 827 683 758 850 842 692
    Federal goverment 856 840 848 869 882 873 879 887
    State government 725 788 781 681 733 802 798 684
    Local government 731 844 834 627 738 858 844 633

TABLE 1.28 Incidence ratesa of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by selected industries and case types, 2004

TABLE 1.28
Incidence ratesa of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by selected industries and case types, 2004
Industryb NAICS codec 2004 Annual average employmentd (thousands) Total recordable cases Cases with days away from work, job transfer, or restriction Other recordable cases
Total Cases with days away from worke Cases with job transfer or restriction
Private industryf 107,551.8 4.8 2.5 1.4 1.1 2.3
Goods producingf 22,655.5 6.5 3.5 1.9 1.7 2.9
Natural resources and miningf,g 1,481.7 5.3 3.1 2.0 1.1 2.2
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and huntingf 11 961.8 6.4 3.7 2.3 1.4 2.7
        Crop productionf 111 429.8 5.6 3.3 1.7 1.5 2.3
        Animal productionf 112 141.1 8.5 4.7 2.9 1.9 3.8
        Support activities for agriculture and forestry 115 309.2 5.9 3.3 2.2 1.2 2.6
    Miningg 21 519.9 3.8 2.3 1.6 .6 1.5
        Oil and gas extraction 211 121.3 2.6 1.2 .9 .3 1.4
        Mining (except oil and gas)h 212 204.2 4.3 2.9 2.2 .7 1.4
        Support activities for mining 213 194.4 3.8 2.2 1.5 .7 1.7
Construction 6,916.4 6.4 3.4 2.4 .9 3.0
    Construction 23 6,916.4 6.4 3.4 2.4 .9 3.0
        Construction of buildings 236 1,618.5 5.6 2.9 2.2 .7 2.7
        Heavy and civil engineering construction 237 895.0 5.9 3.2 2.1 1.0 2.8
        Specialty trade contractors 238 4,402.9 6.8 3.6 2.6 1.0 3.2
Manufacturing 14,257.4 6.6 3.6 1.6 2.1 3.0
    Manufacturing 31-33 14,257.4 6.6 3.6 1.6 2.1 3.0
        Food manufacturing 311 1,490.4 8.2 5.3 1.9 3.4 3.0
        Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing 312 193.7 8.7 5.8 2.9 2.9 2.8
        Textile mills 313 237.8 4.0 2.3 .8 1.5 1.7
        Textile product mills 314 176.2 5.4 2.9 1.0 1.9 2.5
        Apparel manufacturing 315 284.7 3.5 1.8 1.0 .8 1.7
        Leather and allied product manufacturing 316 42.5 6.9 4.4 1.5 2.9 2.4
        Wood product manufacturing 321 548.0 10.0 5.4 2.7 2.7 4.6
        Paper manufacturing 322 493.3 4.9 2.9 1.4 1.5 2.1
        Printing and related support activities 323 658.5 4.5 2.4 1.2 1.2 2.0
        Petroleum and coal products manufacturing 324 112.3 2.5 1.2 .7 .5 1.2
        Chemical manufacturing 325 881.8 3.5 2.0 .9 1.0 1.5
        Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 326 803.7 7.7 4.7 2.0 2.7 3.0
        Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 327 498.5 8.0 4.8 2.3 2.5 3.1
        Primary metal manufacturing 331 466.0 10.0 5.2 2.2 3.0 4.8
        Fabricated metal product manufacturing 332 1,488.7 8.0 3.9 1.9 2.0 4.1
        Machinery manufacturing 333 1,136.8 6.7 3.1 1.5 1.6 3.6
        Computer and electronic product manufacturing 334 1,314.9 2.3 1.2 .6 .6 1.1
        Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing 335 443.8 5.5 2.9 1.2 1.7 2.6
        Transportation equipment manufacturing 336 1,763.4 8.5 4.6 1.6 3.0 3.9
        Furniture and related product manufacturing 337 568.5 8.3 4.7 2.3 2.5 3.6
        Miscellaneous manufacturing 339 653.6 4.5 2.5 1.2 1.3 2.0
Service providing 84,896.3 4.2 2.2 1.3 .9 2.1
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesi 25,273.3 5.5 3.1 1.8 1.3 2.3
    Wholesale trade 42 5,642.5 4.5 2.7 1.5 1.2 1.8
        Merchant wholesalers, durable goods 423 2,942.2 4.1 2.2 1.3 .9 1.9
        Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods 424 2,000.0 5.6 3.9 2.0 1.9 1.7
        Wholesale electronic markets and agents and brokers 425 700.4 2.8 1.6 1.0 .6 1.3
    Retail trade 44-45 15,060.7 5.3 2.7 1.5 1.2 2.6
        Motor vehicle and parts dealers 441 1,901.3 5.1 2.2 1.4 .7 3.0
        Furniture and home furnishings stores 442 563.8 5.7 3.2 1.9 1.3 2.5
        Electronics and appliance stores 443 521.8 3.1 1.5 .9 1.6
        Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers 444 1,234.1 8.1 4.3 2.3 2.0 3.8
        Food and beverage stores 445 2,818.3 6.4 3.3 1.9 1.4 3.0
        Health and personal care stores 446 940.7 2.3 1.1 .7 .4 1.2
        Gasoline stations 447 872.9 3.4 1.5 1.0 .5 1.9
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores 448 1,367.6 2.6 .9 .6 .3 1.6
        Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores 451 646.1 3.9 1.3 .8 .5 2.6
        General merchandise stores 452 2,851.3 7.0 4.3 1.9 2.4 2.7
        Miscellaneous store retailers 453 918.5 3.2 1.6 .9 .6 1.6
        Nonstore retailers 454 424.4 4.8 2.8 1.6 1.2 2.0

TABLE 1.28 Incidence ratesa of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by selected industries and case types, 2004 (CONTINUED)

TABLE 1.28
Incidence ratesa of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by selected industries and case types, 2004 (CONTINUED)
Industryb NAICS codec 2004 Annual average employmentd (thousands) Total recordable cases Cases with days away from work, job transfer, or restriction Other recordable cases
Total Cases with days away from worke Cases with job transfer or restriction
    Transportation and warehousingi 48-49 4,006.2 7.3 4.9 3.1 1.8 2.4
        Air transportation 481 513.2 10.1 7.7 5.3 2.5 2.4
        Rail transportationi 482 2.7 2.0 1.8 .2 .7
        Water transportation 483 55.0 4.4 2.6 1.8 .8 1.8
        Truck transportation 484 1,350.8 6.1 3.9 2.9 1.0 2.3
        Transit and ground passenger transportation 485 378.4 6.1 3.6 2.8 .8 2.5
        Pipeline transportation 486 37.6 2.5 1.4 1.0 .4 1.1
        Scenic and sightseeing transportation 487 27.0 4.7 2.8 2.4 0.5 1.9
        Support activities for transportation 488 530.6 5.3 3.5 2.2 1.3 1.9
        Couriers and messengers 492 557.5 12.4 8.8 4.1 4.7 3.7
        Warehousing and storage 493 555.8 9.3 5.8 2.8 3.0 3.4
    Utilities 22 563.9 5.2 2.5 1.4 1.1 2.7
        Utilities 221 563.9 5.2 2.5 1.4 1.1 2.7
Information 3,099.6 2.0 1.1 .8 .4 .9
    Information 51 3,099.6 2.0 1.1 .8 .4 .9
        Publishing industries (except internet) 511 907.5 2.1 1.1 .7 .4 1.0
        Motion picture and sound recording industries 512 380.3 .7 .2
        Broadcasting (except internet) 515 323.6 2.3 1.2 .7 .5 1.1
        Internet publishing and broadcasting 516 29.3 2.4 .7 .5 1.7
        Telecommunications 517 1,027.0 2.2 1.4 1.0 .4 .8
        Internet service providers, web search portals, and data processing services 518 382.5 .8 .3 .2 .1 .5
        Other information services 519 49.4 1.6 1.0 1.0 .6
Financial activities 7,890.8 1.6 .7 .5 .2 .9
    Finance and insurance 52 5,813.3 .9 .3 .2 .1 .6
        Monetary authorities—central bank 521 21.6 1.9 1.2 .6 .6 .7
        Credit intermediation and related activities 522 2,813.1 1.0 .4 .3 .1 .6
        Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investments and related activities 523 765.2 .3 .1 .1 i .2
        Insurance earners and related activities 524 2,127.9 1.1 .4 .3 .1 .7
        Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 525 85.5 .6 .3 .2 .3
    Real estate and rental and leasing 53 2,077.5 3.7 1.9 1.3 .7 1.8
        Real estate 531 1,410.4 3.3 1.7 1.2 .5 1.6
        Rental and leasing services 532 641.0 4.7 2.5 1.5 1.0 2.2
Professional and business services 16,294.8 2.4 1.3 .8 .5 1.1
    Professional, scientific, and technical services 54 6,768.9 1.3 .5 .3 .2 .8
        Professional,scientific, and technical services 541 6,768.9 1.3 .5 .3 .2 .8
    Management of companies and enterprises 55 1,696.5 2.7 1.5 .7 1.2
    Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services 56 7,829.4 3.7 2.2 1.4 0.8 1.5
        Administrative and support services 561 7,503.5 3.4 2.0 1.3 .7 1.4
        Waste management and remediation services 562 325.8 7.6 5.3 2.9 2.4 2.4
Education and health services 16,085.0 5.8 2.7 1.5 1.2 3.1
    Educational services 61 2,079.2 2.5 1.0 .7 .3 1.5
        Educational services 611 2,079.2 2.5 1.0 .7 .3 1.5
    Health care and social assistance 62 14,005.7 6.2 2.9 1.6 1.3 3.3
        Ambulatory health care services 621 4,937.5 3.3 1.2 .8 .4 2.0
        Hospitals 622 4,246.7 8.3 3.4 1.9 1.5 4.9
        Nursing and residential care facilities 623 2,810.2 9.7 5.8 2.9 2.8 3.9
        Social assistance 624 2,011.3 3.9 2.1 1.2 .8 1.8

TABLE 1.28 Incidence ratesa of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by selected industries and case types, 2004 (CONTINUED) "Table 1. Incidence Rates of Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses by Selected Industries and Case Types, 2004," in Workplace Injuries and Illnesses in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, November 17, 2005, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/osh.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)

TABLE 1.28
Incidence ratesa of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by selected industries and case types, 2004 (CONTINUED)
Industryb NAICS codec 2004 Annual average employmentd (thousands) Total recordable cases Cases with days away from work, job transfer, or restriction Other recordable cases
Total Cases with days away from worke Cases with job transfer or restriction
aThe incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) × 200,000, where N=number of injuries and illnesses; EH =total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year; 200,000=base for 100 equivalent full-time workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).
bTotals include data for industries not shown separately.
cNorth American Industry Classification System—United States, 2002
dEmployment is expressed as an annual average and is derived primarily from the BLS-Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program.
eDays-away-from-work cases include those that result in days away from work with or without job transfer or restriction.
fExcludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
gData for mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System—United States, 2002) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration rules and reporting, such as those in oil and gas extraction and related support activities. Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries. These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.
hData for mining operators in this industry are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded.
These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.
iData for employers in railroad transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
jIncidence rate less than 0.05.
Note: Because of rounding, components may not add to totals. Dash indicates data not available.
SOURCE: "Table 1. Incidence Rates of Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses by Selected Industries and Case Types, 2004," in Workplace Injuries and Illnesses in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, November 17, 2005, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/osh.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)
Leisure and hospitality 12,467.6 4.7 1.9 1.1 .8 2.8
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation 71 1,852.9 5.9 3.1 1.5 1.5 2.9
        Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries 711 380.5 5.8 2.5 1.8 .7 3.3
        Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions 712 116.9 5.2 2.5 1.6 1.0 2.6
        Amusement, gambling, and recreation industries 713 1,355.4 6.0 3.3 1.5 1.8 2.8
    Accommodation and food services 72 10,614.7 4.5 1.7 1.1 .6 2.8
        Accommodation 721 1,785.0 5.8 3.1 1.6 1.5 2.7
        Food services and drinking places 722 8,829.6 4.2 1.4 1.0 .4 2.8
Other services 3,785.2 3.2 1.6 1.1 .5 1.6
    Other services, except public administration 81 3,785.2 3.2 1.6 1.1 .5 1.6
        Repair and maintenance 811 1,222.0 3.9 1.9 1.4 .5 2.0
        Personal and laundry services 812 1,266.1 2.8 1.6 1.0 0.7 1.2
        Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations 813 1,297.2 2.7 1.2 .8 .4 1.6

TABLE 1.29 Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, 1999–2004

TABLE 1.29
Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, 1999–2004
Event or exposurea Fatalities
1999–2003 average 2003b 2004
Number Number Percent
    Total 5,800 5,575 5,703 100
Transportation incidents 2,493 2,364 2,460 43
Highway 1,399 1,353 1,374 24
    Collision between vehicles, mobile equipment 684 648 687 12
       Moving in same direction 139 135 145 3
       Moving in opposite directions, oncoming 248 269 270 5
       Moving in intersection 145 124 144 3
    Vehicle struck stationary object or equipment in roadway 27 17 27 c
    Vehicle struck stationary object, equipment on side of road 289 327 314 6
    Noncollision 356 321 316 6
       Jack-knifed or overturned-no collision 293 252 257 5
Nonhighway (farm, industrial premises) 349 347 335 6
    Overturned 185 186 181 3
Worker struck by a vehicle 365 337 377 7
Rail vehicle 59 43 50 1
Water vehicle 83 69 90 2
Aircraft 232 211 230 4
Assaults and violent acts 898 902 795 14
Homicides 642 632 551 10
    Shooting 501 487 416 7
    Stabbing 60 58 66 1
Self-inflicted injuries 217 218 200 4
Contact with objects and equipment 957 913 1,004 18
Struck by object 549 531 596 10
    Struck by falling object 337 324 370 6
    Struck by flying object 54 57 42 1
Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects 266 238 270 5
    Caught in running equipment or machinery 139 123 142 2
Caught in or crushed in collapsing materials 123 126 117 2
Falls 736 696 815 14
Fall to lower level 647 604 732 13
    Fall from ladder 114 114 133 2
    Fall from roof 147 128 178 3
    Fall from scaffold, staging 88 85 89 2
Fall on same level 69 71 61 1

TABLE 1.29 Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, 1999–2004 (CONTINUED) "Table 1. Fatal Occupational Injuries by Event or Exposure, 1999–2004," in National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 25, 2005, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)

TABLE 1.29
Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, 1999–2004 (CONTINUED)
Event or exposurea Fatalities
1999–2003 average 2003b 2004
Number Number Percent
aBased on the 1992 Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS) Occupational Injury and Illness Classification Manual. Includes other events and exposures, such as bodily reaction, in addition to those shown separately.
bThe BLS news release issued September 22, 2004, reported a total of 5,559 fatal work injuries for calendar year 2003. Since then, an additional 16 job-related fatalities were identified, bringing the total job-related fatality count for 2003 to 5,575.
cLess than or equal to 0.5 percent.
Note: Totals for 2004 are preliminary. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. The average count excludes fatalities from the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: "Table 1. Fatal Occupational Injuries by Event or Exposure, 1999–2004," in National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 25, 2005, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)
Exposure to harmful substances or environments 508 486 459 8
Contact with electric current 271 246 253 4
    Contact with overhead power lines 121 107 123 2
Contact with temperature extremes 43 42 27 c
Exposure to caustic, noxious, or allergenic substances 105 122 114 2
    Inhalation of substance 53 65 52 1
Oxygen deficiency 86 73 63 1
    Drowning, submersion 64 52 49 1
Fires and explosions 189 198 159 3

FIGURE 1.1 Selected occupations with high fatality, retes, 2004 "Selected Occupations with High Rates, 2004," in National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 25, 2005, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)

TABLE 1.30 Fatal occupational injuries by industry and selected event or exposure, 2004

TABLE 1.30
Fatal occupational injuries by industry and selected event or exposure, 2004
Industrya Fatalities Selected event or exposureb (percent of total for industry)
Number Percent Highwayc Homicides Falls Struck by object
    Total 5,703 100 24 10 14 10
Private industry 5,177 91 23 9 15 11
Goods producing 2,494 44 14 2 21 15
   Natural resources and mining 811 14 16 1 5 20
       Agricultur, forestry, fishing and hunting 659 12 15 1 5 21
           Crop production 317 6 15 1 4 17
           Animal production 141 2 15 11 10
           Forestry and logging 106 2 17 3 60
           Fishing, hunting and trapping 37 1
           Agriculture and forestry support activities 45 1 16 11
       Miningd 152 3 24 9 16
           Oil and gas extraction 29 1 34 21
           Mining, except oil and gas 51 1 10 10 14
           Support activities for mining 71 1 30 10 15
   Construction 1,224 21 12 2 36 12
       Construction 1,224 21 12 2 36 12
           Construction of buildings 224 4 11 2 46 13
           Heavy and civil engineering construction 219 4 17 8 21
           Specialty trade contractors 752 13 10 2 42 9
   Manufacturing 459 8 17 3 10 14
       Manufacturing 459 8 17 3 10 14
           Food manufacturing 65 1 22 12 11
           Wood product manufacturing 49 1 8 8 14
           Paper manufacturing 19 e
           Chemical manufacturing 31 1 13
           Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 25 e 12
           Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 54 1 35 9 9
           Primary metal manufacturing 28 e 14 32
           Fabricated metal product manufacturing 57 1 14 5 11 25
           Machinery manufacturing 25 e 24 12 28
           Transportation equipment manufacturing 33 1 12 15 21
Service providing 2,683 47 32 16 9 7
    Trade, transportation, and utilities 1,455 26 41 15 6 7
        Wholesale trade 203 4 42 5 6 9
           Merchant wholesalers, durable goods 99 2 29 6 6 16
           Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods 95 2 54 4 6
    Retail trade 372 7 19 43 10 4
           Motor vehicle and parts dealers 75 1 40 20 5 8
           Building material and garden supply stores 39 1 26 15
           Food and beverage stores 83 1 5 69 7
           Health and personal care stores 17 e 24 47 18
           Gasoline stations 44 1 7 84
           Sporting goods, hobby, book and music stores 15 e 53
           General merchandise stores 26 e 19 46
           Miscellaneous store retailers 28 e 25 43
           Nonstore retailers 15 e 47
       Transportation and warehousing 829 15 52 6 4 7
           Air transportation 47 1
           Rail transportation 19 e
           Water transportation 43 1
           Truck transportation 508 9 72 1 3 9
           Transit and ground passenger transportation 75 1 37 49
           Support activities for transportation 80 1 10 6 6 18
           Couriers and messengers 25 e 76
           Warehousing and storage 21 e 38
       Utilities 51 1 16 18 8
    Information 54 1 48 9 6
       Information 54 1 48 9 6
           Publishing industries, except Internet 33 1 64 9
    Financial activities 115 2 25 31 13 3
       Finance and insurance 46 1 33 39 9
           Credit intermediation and related activities 26 e 27 50
       Real estate and rental and leasing 69 1 20 26 16 6
           Real estate 45 1 11 33 22
           Rental and leasing services 24 e 38 12

TABLE 1.30 Fatal occupational injuries by industry and selected event or exposure, 2004 (CONTINUED) "Table 2. Fatal Occupational Injuries by Industry and Selected Event or Exposure, 2004," in National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 25, 2005, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)

TABLE 1.30
Fatal occupational injuries by industry and selected event or exposure, 2004 (CONTINUED)
Industrya Fatalities Selected event or exposureb (percent of total for industry)
Number Percent Highwayc Homicides Falls Struck by object
aBased on the North American Industry Classification System, 2002.
bThe figure shown is the percent of the total fatalities for that industry group.
c"Highway" includes deaths to vehicle occupants resulting from traffic incidents that occur on the public roadway, shoulder, or surrounding area. It excludes incidents occurring entirely off the roadway, such as in parking lots and on farms; incidents involving trains; and deaths to pedestrians or other nonpassengers.
dIncludes fatalities at all establishments categorized as mining (Sector 21) in the North American Industy Classification System, 2002, including establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in oil and gas extraction.
eLess than or equal to 0.5 percent.
fIncludes fatalities to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry.
Note: Totals for 2004 are preliminary. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. There were 5 fatalities for which there was insufficient information to determine a specific industry classification, although a distinction between private and government was made for each.
SOURCE: "Table 2. Fatal Occupational Injuries by Industry and Selected Event or Exposure, 2004," in National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in 2004, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 25, 2005, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf (accessed January 10, 2006)
Professional and business services 448 8 23 7 17 11
    Professional and technical services 76 1 30 4 11
        Professional and technical services 76 1 30 4 11
    Administrative and waste services 370 6 22 7 18 13
        Administrative and support services 292 5 17 9 22 13
        Waste management and remediation services 78 1 40 5 12
Educational and health services 157 3 25 15 9
    Educational services 44 1 11 9 11
        Educational services 44 1 11 9 11
    Health care and social assistance 113 2 31 17 8
        Ambulatory health care services 53 1 26 15
        Hospitals 29 1 31 10
        Nursing and residential care facilities 16 e 38 19 19
Leisure and hospitality 245 4 13 36 9 4
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation 99 2 11 11 11 6
        Performingn arts and spectator sports 50 1 14 10 10 6
        Amusements, gambling, and recreation 45 1 9 13 9 7
    Accommodation and food services 146 3 14 52 8 3
        Accommodation 29 1 14 34 17
        Food services and drinking places 117 2 14 56 6 3
Other services, except public administration 204 4 10 19 11 14
    Other services, except public administration 204 4 10 19 11 14
    Repair and maintenance 114 2 5 15 6 24
    Personal and laundry services 37 1 14 46 11
    Membership associations and organizations 43 1 21 12 23
Governmentf 526 9 31 13 7 5
Federal government 111 2 30 7 6
    Public administration 84 1 25 5 5
        National security and international affaires 70 1 21 6 4
State government 100 2 31 9 6 7
    Public administration 38 1 37 13
        Justice, public order, and safety activities 21 e 43 19
Local government 310 5 33 19 7 5
    Public administration 195 3 37 27 4 4
        Justice, public order, and safety activities 164 3 38 30 3 2
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